MONDAY, Aug. 2, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — U.S. well being officers have some reassuring information concerning the security of the COVID-19 vaccine in younger individuals: Amongst thousands and thousands of U.S. teenagers who’ve acquired Pfizer’s pictures, severe unintended effects have been uncommon.
As of July 16, near 9 million teenagers, aged 12 to 17, had acquired the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine — the one one okayed for that age group. Amongst roughly 9,240 reported unintended effects, 91% have been minor, reminiscent of soreness close to the vaccination web site.
“Native and systemic reactions are widespread amongst adolescents following Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, particularly after the second dose; nevertheless, severe antagonistic occasions after COVID-19 vaccination are uncommon,” mentioned the report’s lead writer, Anne Hause, a CDC epidemiologist.
Myocarditis was among the many most typical extreme antagonistic occasions reported, she mentioned. That is an irritation of the heart muscle that may have an effect on the center’s electrical system, lowering its pumping capacity and inflicting speedy or irregular rhythms.
Myocarditis is normally attributable to a viral infection, reminiscent of COVID-19, however may also be a response to a drug. Indicators and signs embody chest pain, fatigue, shortness of breath and arrhythmias (irregular coronary heart rhythm).
Whereas this affiliation might sound alarming, CDC specialists proceed to emphasize the advantages of vaccination for all individuals aged 12 and older. The vaccine has not but been authorised for youthful children.
Getting vaccinated is healthier than getting COVID-19, Hause mentioned.
“The advantages of vaccination in stopping COVID-19 and its problems proceed to outweigh the potential dangers of uncommon antagonistic occasions reported after vaccination,” she mentioned.
Final week, a examine printed within the preprint server medRxiv discovered that teenagers have been at considerably larger threat of growing coronary heart irritation after getting COVID-19 itself than from the vaccine. Researchers checked out coronary heart irritation charges in about 14,000 teenagers recognized with COVID-19 and in an analogous variety of vaccinated teenagers who reported unintended effects. They discovered that the chance of coronary heart irritation was 21 occasions increased amongst women with COVID and about six occasions increased amongst boys with COVID in contrast with the vaccination group.
“Vaccinating 12- to 17-year-olds stays the safer alternative for this age group and can scale back faculty interruptions and transmission to others,” mentioned Mendel Singer, vice chair for schooling at Case Western Reserve College Faculty of Medication in Cleveland and co-author of the medRxiv examine.
Dr. Paul Offit, director of the Vaccine Schooling Middle on the Youngsters’s Hospital of Philadelphia, agreed that unintended effects from the vaccine are preferable to the devastating results of COVID-19.
“You must put it in perspective. To begin with, it seems roughly just one in 20,000 recipients who’re within the highest threat group will develop myocarditis after two pictures,” he mentioned.
“Myocarditis by no means sounds good. You possibly can say gentle myocarditis all you need, however it’s additionally going to scare individuals, as a result of the irritation of the center muscle is all the time going to be seen as worrisome. But it surely does look like self-limiting, short-lived, not deadly and never related to coronary artery abnormalities,” Offit mentioned.
A current examine amongst 1,600 school athletes who had COVID-19 discovered that roughly one in 43 had myocarditis, he mentioned. “So you’ve got principally one in 20,000 phenomena at its peak for the vaccine and a one in 43 phenomena with the illness.”
If signs of myocarditis develop, dad and mom ought to take their baby to the physician, they usually could also be referred to the hospital for remark, Offit mentioned.
To folks who’re involved about having their baby vaccinated, Offit mentioned, “Simply know that the illness is widespread, that this (Delta) variant particularly is extremely contagious.”
He added that some imagine that over the subsequent few years, you may have two decisions — to be vaccinated or to be naturally contaminated. “Vaccination is the safer alternative, as a result of pure an infection additionally causes myocarditis at a a lot increased fee,” he mentioned.
The illness is worse than the vaccine, Offit confused. “That is all the time true,” he mentioned.
The report was printed July 30 within the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
For extra on COVID-19 vaccine unintended effects, head to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
SOURCES: Anne Hause, PhD, epidemiologist, U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention; Mendel Singer, PhD, vice chair for schooling, Case Western Reserve College Faculty of Medication, Cleveland; Paul Offit, MD, director, Vaccine Schooling Middle, Youngsters’s Hospital of Philadelphia; Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, July 30, 2021